The Oslo Report English translation
John Bjarne Grover
The Oslo Report
PRO ADM 1/23905
The Oslo Report should be studied in its German original. For example, it is important for understanding it that the original has 'April 40' in the first paragraph, where the English translation is 'April 1940'. In the original, the ambiguity to May 10 (cp. also the 'maiden' in paragraph 2) is probably of vital importance for understanding the report, but the translator has suppressed such vital details. Another detail of large importance is the one and only source there is specified in this report: That is Bell System. Techn. Journal Jan.39. p.222. Since this report, the original German form Bell Syst. Tech. J. Jan.39. p.222 has come to be somewhat synonymous with 'the source of political power', but only in its German original, not in the English translation. Cp. the '222' related to the Eisenhower doctrine. Similarly, towards the end of the report, there is the line "The fuses are made at Sommerden in Thüringen", which does not render the meaning of the German original "Diese Zünder werden in Soemmerda in Thüringen [hergestellt]", which to a Norwegian ear echos very much the book title "Syndere i sommersol" by Sigurd Hoel, which was a wellknown novel at that time. That name of Sigurd Hoel towards the very end of the report means only "[ass]hole from the security service", which again probably means 'the norses are assholes', which again means 'XU'. The last word is "Rheinmetall", which probably is the reason for the name of "Aktion Reinhard". The numbers 25 and 25.000 a few lines before probably refer to the 25 pound ransom put on Winston Churchill's head after he escaped from Boer war prison and the 25.000 NOK which Bjarne Eidsvig paid for Visthouse and which he paid in oysters rather than in cash. These are the matters that lurks under the surface of the 'report', like a torpedo lurking under the surface of the sea. The report was probably written by British intelligence and sent to themselves via their own British naval attache in Oslo, not the least to tell that it was the British navy who sank their own 'Royal Oak', but also to install this as a divine fact, via the Madonna and the birth of the Jesus child, which means that it was about the Worship. The report is written in that style and almost all of that is lost in the translation.
The lines in this transcription correspond exactly to the lines in the typed document. I have even tried to keep the spacing roughly the same. There is the interesting indentation of all of paragraph 10 ('Arvid Storsveen', as is my interpretation), and two paragraphs under 3 are also indented. I would not say that 6, 7 and 8 really are indented: They rather have their numerals displaced to the left of the margin. I have skipped that element in my transcription.
TRANSLATION FROM THE GERMAN
1. THE JU 88 PROGRAMME
Ju 88 is a twin engined long distance
bomber and has the advantage that it can be used as
a dive bomber. Several thousand, probably 5000, are
being manufactured monthly. By April 1940 25 - 30.000
of this type are to be ready.
2. THE "FRANKEN"
The first German aircraft carrier is at
Kiel. She is to be ready by April 1940 and is called
3. REMOTE CONTROLLED GLIDERS
The Navy is developing remote controlled
gliders, i.e. small aeroplanes with a span of about
three metres and three metres in length, carrying a
heavy explosive charge. They are not driven by
motors and are dropped from aeroplanes from a great
height. They contain: -
a) An electric altimeter, similar to the
wireless altimeter (Bell System. Techn.
Journal Jan.39. p.222) which causes the
glider to straighten out about three metres
above the water. Then it flies horizont-
ally powered by rockets.
b) A remote controlled steering gear actuated
by ultra-short waves in the form of tele-
graph signals, by which the glider can be
steered to the left or to the right or
straight ahead either from a ship or an
In this way the glider is intended to be
steered against the side of an enemy ship and the
explosive charge dropped to as to explode below the
water line. The secret number is FZ 21 (Ferngest.
Flugzeug = remote controlled air-plane). The testing
grounds are in Peenmünde, at the estuary of the Peene,
near Wolgast, in the neighbourhood of Greifswald.
Bearing the secret number FZ 10 an autopilot
(remote controlled aeroplane) is being developed
which can be controlled from a manned aeroplane,
for example to destroy balloon barrages. The works
are in Deepensee near Berlin.
5. REMOTE ONTROLLED PROJECTILES
The Army Ordinance Office (HWA) which is the
experimental department of the army, is engaged upon
the development of projectiles of 80 cm.calibre.
In them a rocket drive is used, they are steadied by
a built-in gyroscope. The difficulty in a rocket
drive lies in the fact that the projectile does not
fly along a straight course but in uncontrollable
curves. Therefore it has a wireless remote control
with which the firing of the explosive in the rocket
is regulated. This development is in an elementary
stage and the 80 cm.projectiles are intended for
future use against the Maginot line.
This is a small place on the Müritz Lake
(Müritzsee) to the north of Berlin. Here is the
laboratory and experimental station of the air force.
A useful target for bombers.
7. METHOD OF ATTACK ON STRONG POINTS (BUNKER)
Experience in the field against the Poles has
shown that an ordinary attack on strong points does
not meet with success. Polish strong points were
therefore enveloped in a smoke screen from smoke shells
(Gasgranaten) in such a way that the smoke screen was
carried like a curtain further and further into the
strong points. Directly behind the smoke German
flame throwers advanced and took up positions in front
of the strong points. The strong points proved
powerless against the flame throwers and the garrison
either perished or were made prisoners.
8. AEROPLANE DETECTORS
In the attack of the British fliers on
Wilhelmshafen at the beginning of September the
English aeroplanes were detected when still 120 Km.
from the German coast. Along the whole coast of
Germanyshort wave transmitters with an output of 20 Kw.
are placed, which send out quite short impulses at
10-5 second intervals. These impulses are reflected
by the aeroplanes. Near the transmitter is a wireless
receiver tuned in on the same wavelenght. It is here
that the reflected wave is picked up and registered on
a "Braun" valve. By the difference between the
transmitted impulse and the reflected impulse one can
calculate the distance of the aeroplane. As the trans-
mitted impulse is much stronger than the reflected one,
the receiver is switched off during the transmitting
of the impulse. (Meaning uncertain) The transmiited
impulse is registered on the "Braun" valve with a local
mark. In conjunction with the JU 88 programme
similar transmitters will be installed all over Germany
by April 1940.
Protective measures. By using special receivers
which can pick up impulses of 10-5 to 10-6 second
intervals one must determine the wave length of the
impulses sent in Germany and then send interfering
impulses on the same wave lenght. These receivers
can be on land, so can the transmitters as this method
is very sensitive.
While this method has been introduced to a
great extent another invention is being prepared working
on 50 cm. wave lengths. (See Fig,1). The transmitter
T sends out short impulses which are aimed by an electric-
al concave mirror. The receiver R is next to the
transmitter and also has a directional serial. This
picks up the reflected impulse. T sand R are connected
by an artificial circuit of which the relaying time is
alterable. This artificial circuit has the following
The receiver is closed to ordinary waves
and cannot pick up impulses. The impulse which is
transmitted by wireless from T is also carried along
the artificial circuit and makes the receiver receptive
for a very short time. If the time taken on the artifi-
cial circuit is equal to the time taken for the reflected
wireless impulse, the latter can be registered on the
"Braun" valve. One can, for instance, very accurately
measure the distance of an aeroplane and it is very
insensitive to interference as the receiver is only
alive for very short periods.
9. PILOTS - DISTANCE MEASURING APPARATUS
When pilots fly to attack an enemy country, it is
important for them to know how far they are from their
base. For this purpose the following invention is
being developed at Rechlin:-
At the base there is a wireless transmitter (6 metre
wave) which is modulated to a low frequency "f". The
aeroplane which is a distance "a" away, receives the 6
metre wave and obtains, after demodulation, the low
frequency "f". With this low frequency he modulates
his own transmitter which has a somewhat different wave
length. The thus modulated wave of the aeroplane is
received at the base and demodulated. The the low
frequency "f" thus obtained is compared with the local
low frequency. They differ from each other by a phase
angle (Phasenwinkel) 4 π f.a. / c (In which let a = distance
of the aeroplane; c = speed of light). By measuring
the phase one can then measure the distance of the
aeroplane and inform the plane as to its position.
To ensure accuracy in the measurement the phase angle
must remain below 2 π. Therefore one chooses a low
frequency "f", e.g. 150 pps. then for 1.000 km. the
phase angle equals 2 π. With so low a frequency one
cannot achieve great accuracy. Therefore one sends at
the same time a second, higher, frequency, e.g. 1.500 pps.
and compares the phase angle of this also. Thus 150 pps.
may be called a rough measurement while 1.500 pps. is a
The German Navy has two new types of Torpedo:-
a) One wants, for instance, to attack a convoy
from a distance of ten kilometres. These
torpedoes have a wireless receiver which can pick
up three signals, one can steer the torpedo to
the left, to the right, or straight ahead, either
from the ship firing the torpedo or from an
aeroplane. Long waves are used, which can
satisfactorily penetrate water in order of three
Kilometres. These are modulated with short
sound waves which actuate the steering of the
torpedo. In this way the torpedo would be steered
into close proximity of the convoy. In order to
hit the ship two acoustic receivers (microphones)
are built into the head of the torpedo which
constitute a direction finder. The direction
of the torpedo is so controlled by this receiver
that it directs itself to the source of sound.
When therefore the torpedo has been steered by
wireless within a few hundred metres of the ship it
automatically steers itself towards the ship, as
every ship makes acoustic sounds by its machinery.
One can fairly easily protect oneself against them
by acoustic and wireless interference signals.
b) The second type of torpedo is probably
that with which the "Royal Oak" was sunk. These
do not explode against the ships side but under
the hull. The firing of the explosives is
attained magnetically and is based upon the
(See fig.2) The vertical construc-
tion of a magnetic field is approximately the same
throughout, but is altered by the ship "S", so that
at points "A" and "C" there is a weaker field,
while at point "B" there is a stronger field. A
torpedo coming from the left, therefore, first
runs in a normal field, then in a weaker one and so on.
In the head of the torpedo there revolves an armature
on a horizontal axis, rather like an earth inductor.
At the clips of this armature a direct current is
generated in proportion to the vertical construction of
the magnetic field. In line with this current lies a
contrary tension of equal strength so that no current
can flow while the torpedo is in a normal magnetic
field. When, however, the torpedo reaches point "A"
the magnetic field is weaker and the tension on the
revolving armature lessens. The two opposed tensions
are now unequal, a current flows which actuates a relay
which relesaes the firing. The delay action is set
in such a way that the explosion occurs directly under-
neath the ship's hull.
Perhaps one can protect oneself against such
torpedoes by stretching a cable alongside the ship,
approximately at the depth of the ship's keel and as
far away from the hull as possible. If one sends a
suitably selected direct current through this cable
one can also produce a magnetic field with danger point
"A" far away from the ship. Thus the torpedo would
explode too soon. Perhaps it is also possible, by
using suitably selected compensating armatures, to
equalise the disturbance of the magnetic field cause
by the iron mass of the ship.
TRANSLATION FROM THE GERMAN
ELECTRIC FUSES FOR AERIAL BOMBS AND
In Germany one is departing from the
mechanical fuses and adopting electrical fuses now.
All fuses for aerial bombs are already electrical ones.
Fig.1 illustrates the principle:-
When the bomb leaves the aeroplane the
condenser C1 is loaded with 150 volts from a battery by a
sliding contact. This loads the condenser C2 via the
resistance R. C2 is not loaded before the bomb has left
the aeroplane's danger zone. When the bomb lands a
mechanical contact K closes and the condenser unloads
itself via the fuse armature Z. The advantage is that
the bombs are notalive when hanging from the aeroplane and
one can land safely with the bombs.
Fig.2 shows an electrical time fuse.
It is on the same principle, but in the place of a mechanic-
al contact there is a Glow-lamp G. which lights after a
definite period and can be adjusted by the strength
(Werte) of the condenser and resistance.
The newest developments incorporate glow
lamps with screens (Fig.3). If one selects the tension
of the battery in such a way that it is a little below
the fuse tension and if the glow-lamp is insulated one
can make the lamp burn by changing the Separator-capacity
(Teilkapazitäten) C12 and C23. Remarkably small changes
of the Separator capacity are required. Fig. 4 shows
this theoretical construction in a projectile. The
head K of the projectile is insulated and lies along the
screen of the glow-lamp. Should the projectile fly past
an aeroplane the separator capacities are changed a little
and the lamp is lit whereby the projectile explodes.
One can also adjust the fuses so that all projectiles
explode a certain distance above the ground e.g. explode
at a height of three metres.
I enclose one of the lamps with screen,
there is an improved lamp in which the screen consists
of a ring.
The discharge fuse (Abwurf-Zünder) for
bombs has the descriptive number 25, the output is
intended to be increased from 25.000 in October 1939
to 100.000 from April 1939.
The fuses are made at Sommerden in
Thüringen by the railway line running between Sangerhausen
and Erfurt. The firm is called "Rheinmetall".
There are a few annotations by hand which could be from the translator:
1) a "Braun" valve - some unreadable comment over it, but probably "cathode ray tube". Could be about Eva Braun? Since it clearly is about reading the code, it indicates that this is about X-ray U = XU.
2) the "Braun" valve - annotation seems to be "C R tube", but reading uncertain. Probably for 'Cathode Ray tube".
3) water in order - 'in' is deleted and 'wavelength' is put over it, followed by 'of the', which in sum probably means 'penetrate water wavelength order of the three kilometres' or 'penetrate water wavelength of the order of three kilometres'. The original reads: "Es werden lange Wellen verwendet, die gut in das Wasser eindringen, in der Ordnung von 3 Km.-Wellen".
4) the vertical construc-tion - something written over 'construct'. Since the original reads "die Vertikalkomponente" the handwriting probably says "component" instead of "construc".
5) there revolves an armature - handwriting over 'armature' seems to be 'coil', replacement done four times
6) In line with - something written over the 'line'
7) glow lamps with screens - corrected to 'neon lamps with grids'
8) Separator-capacity - 'Separator' corrected to what seems to be 'fortice'
9) In the margin outside the paragraph "I enclose one of the lamps with screen", there is the comment added by hand: "Another 'dept' has forwarded this"
10) End of second last paragraph: 'April 1939' corrected by hand to 'April 1940' when the '39' has '40' over it.
(Do I spot "the order of the Foenix" behind these corrections? Under the surface?)
There is the formula 4 π f.a. / c which in the original is
4 π f.a.
"contrary tension of equal strength": In the 'equal', the 'u' has fallen out and the 'q' is so blurred that it looks like 'of eo al strength'.
In this report, there is the system of writing the first word on the next page at the bottom of a page, to prevent confusion of pages. This word would also be followed by a number of dots. Here are the last words with dots on the pages, which mean that there is a page break right before this word in the original manuscript:
The main part of the report:
Page I: heavy......................
Page II: grounds............
Page III: 6..............
Page IV: English.........
Page V: impulses.........
Page VI: measure.................
Page VII: the..........
Page VIII: sound..........
Page IX: runs............. ('IX' is handwritten, looks like 'I' or 'II')
Page X: suitably..................
Page XI: (no word)
Electric fuses etc:
Page I: definite..........
Page II: The........
Page III: (no word)
John Bjarne Grover
On the web 09 May 2004
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